Printing machinery10

2022-03-12 18:11

Printing machinery

The world printing machinery has made great development since the 1980s. Over the past 20 years, the development of printing machinery has experienced three stages.

The first stage is from the early 1980s to the early 1990s, which is the heyday of the development of offset printing technology The maximum printing speed of the sheet fed offset press in this period was 10000 prints / hour. The pre adjustment preparation time of a four-color printer before printing is generally about 2 hours. The automatic control of printing machine mainly focuses on automatic paper binding, automatic paper receiving, automatic cleaning, automatic detection of ink color, automatic adjustment of ink volume and registration remote control. During this period, in addition to monochrome and two-color machines, almost every manufacturer of sheet fed offset press also had the manufacturing capacity of four-color machine. Most manufacturers were able to manufacture paper turnover mechanism for double-sided printing.

The second stage is from the early 1990s to the end of the 20th century. In the 1990s, marked by the sheet fed offset press, the design and manufacturing level of printing machinery in the world has taken a big step forward. Compared with the first stage models, the speed of the new generation models is further improved, from 10000 prints / hour to 15000 prints / hour, and the pre press adjustment time is greatly shortened from about 2 hours in the first stage to about 15 minutes. The automation level and production efficiency of the machine have also been greatly improved.

Since entering the 21st century, printing machinery has ushered in the third development stage. Some models of sheet fed offset press can reach 17000-18000 prints / hour, but manufacturers do not strive to improve the maximum printing speed of the press, but further shorten the preparation time before printing and the time for replacing live parts through the application of information technology, so as to pursue higher production efficiency.

In the aspect of printing machinery automation, technologies such as networking, production integration, digital workflow and link with management information system (MIS) have become the focus of development.

In addition, in order to meet people's demand for high-grade color printing, the multi-color group double-sided printing of 8-color group or even 10-color group and the additional online post-processing function have become the development trend of all kinds of sheet fed offset printing machines (including small offset printing machines, di direct plate making machines and large offset printing machines), and the technology is becoming more and more mature, This type of printing press has begun to occupy part of the market originally belonging to web printing press.

According to the statistics of the European Federation of printing and paper processing machinery manufacturers' associations (eumaprint), due to the impact of the world economic downturn, the sales of printing machinery and equipment in seven countries, including Germany, France, the United States, Italy and Switzerland, decreased by 13.08% in 2002 compared with 2001. From the analysis of economic prosperity index, among Europe, America, China, Russia, Japan and other 11 countries, only China and Russia are on the rise, while the rest are on the decline. Among them, the sales volume of Germany in 2002 was about 6.8 billion US dollars, down 12% from 2001; The sales volume of US $1.6 billion, a decrease of about 2.7% over that of the United States in 2001; Sales in the UK in 2002 decreased by 24% compared with 2001, to about US $1064 million; Italy fell 8% to about $763 million.

In 2001, the top five countries in the annual output value of printing machinery and equipment were Germany US $7.73 billion, Japan US $3.918 billion, the United States US $2.702 billion, the United Kingdom US $1.4 billion and Italy US $829 million. The top five countries for printing machinery and equipment exports in 2001 were Germany with us $6.325 billion, Japan with us $1.578 billion, the United States with us $1.246 billion, Italy with us $1.06 billion and the United Kingdom with us $940 million. The top six imports of printing machinery and equipment in 2001 were: US $2.2 billion, China $1.3 billion, Germany $1228 million, Italy $922 million, UK $920 million and Japan $798 million. In 2002, China's printing machinery market was in full bloom, and the sales of printing machinery and equipment increased by 13.8%, becoming an indisputable place for manufacturers of printing equipment and equipment in the world.

In addition, according to the latest statistics of the printing branch of the German mechanical equipment manufacturers association (VDMA), the output value of the German printing machinery industry was about 7 billion euros in 2003, down 13% from 2002. Among them, printing machinery accounts for 4.8 billion euros, paper processing machinery accounts for 1.1 billion euros, and the rest are paper production machinery. At present, German printing technology still occupies a leading position in the world, with a global market share of more than 30% and an export rate of 80%, mainly exported to the United States, China and EU Member States. In 2003, Germany exported 370 million euros of printing machinery to China, accounting for 9.8% of the total export of German printing machinery. China has become the second largest single export market of German printing machinery. The United States is still the largest importer of German printing machinery, accounting for 1 / 6 of the total export of German printing machinery.


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